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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the fake one, someone that took the trouble of looking at either of those invoices' serial numbers would observe that they had been exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them needed to be fictitious.
That isn't a perfect analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to reach the perfect answer to a numeric issue. This process is also known as an evidence of work.
The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equal to the hash.
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The bad news: Since it's guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there first. To mine successfully, you need to get a high"hash rate," which is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you could mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost method to cobble together mining operations. The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The graphics cards are such rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal pole.
Example: I tell three friends that I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it read the full info here in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the specific number, they simply must be the first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.
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Let's say I'm thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Normally, it is the miner that has done the most work, i.e.
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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you knowwe use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.